The automotive industry is now implementing a new ‘real-world’ emissions testing procedure for vehicles that will hopefully make quoted mpg figures a bit more accurate but could mean higher tax brackets for many cars. The push by manufacturers to produce vehicles that are more optimised for the new test will therefore likely see some trends in engine design change.
The way in which many mass-market aftermarket exhausts are designed and manufactured however means the transition is likely to be more seamless for those who properly test and introduce new parts regularly.
Here’s what you need to know from Doug Bentley, Head of R&D at Klarius, as he explains why the aftermarket business is ahead of the emissions testing curve
The change in fuel performance and emissions testing has probably been influenced by the Volkswagen test-cycle software issue, but, consensus was that the quoted mpg efficiency figures for new cars were pretty much unobtainable in the real world, especially for hybrids. So, change isn’t a bad thing in this sense.
What is happening is a change from the 1980s emissions test, known as New European Driving Cycle (NEDC), that was conducted solely in laboratory conditions and was based on theoretical driving profiles; to the new Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP), which includes some testing under laboratory conditions and a Real Driving Emissions (RDE) test conducted on-road.
These new testing procedures aim to provide a closer representation of ‘real-world’ fuel consumption and air pollution from car emissions. All new car models launched as of September 2017 will have to be tested in this way, and then every new car registered from September 2018 must also comply and / or be tested, regardless of its year of manufacture.
There will potentially be cars on the road that have both sets of figures applied to them1, however, when it comes to the MoT test, or the Type-Approval test which quality manufacturers like Klarius will meet, then aftermarket compliance is more straight-forward.
A replacement exhaust system, including CATs and DPFs will need to ensure an MoT pass, which all quality items will do, and conform to Type-Approval standards where applicable which will be based on the official OE figures for emissions, conformity of fit and back pressure, not necessarily fuel economy, as that is subject to driving style.
Because of these different testing methods, a number of modern Euro 5 and Euro 6 vehicles whose emissions did not exceed type approval limits under the NEDC might not meet the NOx and CO2 emissions requirements in real driving conditions. Some existing model ranges might then change; hence aftermarket manufacturers are going to be a little busier in years to come matching a wave of new models with replacement systems – if the physical exhaust system components are changed. It’s likely that lots of the changes will be achieved through software maps and so the mechanical parts of the exhaust are less likely to change.
How new fuel and emissions tests will influence auto exhaust manufacturing
These changes will not only impact automotive OEMs: some manufacturers of aftermarket emissions equipment will have to adapt too. As car performance, reliability, fuel efficiency and emissions heavily depend on exhausts, catalytic converters (CATs) and diesel particulate filters (DPFs), it will be even more important to provide high-quality replacement aftermarket emissions parts.
As a result of the new emissions regulations, it won’t be sufficient anymore to simply apply lab-testing to establish type-approval standards in auto exhaust products: on-road fit tests will be necessary. However, manufacturers such as Klarius already use a variety of real-world tests in addition to lab tests to ensure their products meet both internal quality and external test standards.
For the aftermarket auto exhaust system manufacturers at the forefront of real-world emissions testing that have the facility to design, test and release large numbers of new products over short time-scales, the transition from NEDC to RDE won’t be a revolution, but a simple step in an already flexible and dynamic production process. The results should be good availability and peace of mind for garages and motorists using the independent garage network.
Leaders in on-road exhaust testing
Klarius Products is the largest producer of aftermarket emissions components in Europe and is one of the few manufacturers that independently tests its product range to full type-approval standards as confirmed by regulatory bodies like the British VCA and German TÜV.
To ensure a perfect fit and better emissions performance, Klarius fit-tests all its components on actual vehicles of correct model, make and production year. Real-world tests are run using an in-house VCA approved test track located in Cheadle. Thanks to this real-world testing, every component is supplied with a Fit-First-Time guarantee. In addition, the entire 10,000+ Klarius product range is available now with next morning delivery in the UK and every part features a minimum 2-year warranty.
In addition, Klarius delivers a national training scheme for internal and external technicians and engineers that provides a fully accredited two-day IMI accredited course on emissions systems technology, diagnostics, fitting and legislation.
- Baldino, C., Tietge, U., Muncrief, R., Bernard, Y. & Mock, P. (2017) Road tested: Comparative overview of real-world versus type-approval NOX and CO2 emissions from diesel cars in Europe. The International Council on Clean Transportation, Berlin, 39 pp. Available at: https://www.theicct.org/sites/default/files/publications/ICCT_RoadTested_201709.pdf [Accessed: 24/01/2018] Bosteels, D. (2014) Real driving emissions and test cycle data from 4 modern European vehicles. Paper presented to IQPC 2nd International Conference Real Driving Emissions, Düsseldorf, 18 September 2014. Available at: http://www.aecc.eu/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/140918_IQPC-RDE_AECC.pdf [Accessed: 24/01/2018]
More information on the transition to the WLTP test and the changes for the industry can be found at www.wltpfacts.eu